PneumatologyThe Study of the Holy Spirit
His Salvation Work
We believe the Holy Spirit is a Person who convicts the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment; that at the moment of salvation He regenerates and indwells all believers during this present age, baptizes them into the body of Christ, seals them unto the day of redemption, and imparts to them at least one spiritual gift for good of all mankind
(John 16:8–11; Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 12:7, 12–14; Ephesians 1:13–14).
His Postsalvation Work
The Spirit continues to minister to believers throughout their lives by comforting, convicting, enabling, interceding on behalf of, leading, producing fruit in, sanctifying, teaching, and witnessing to one’s human spirit. Each believer is commanded to walk by means of the Holy Spirit, but the Spirit is grieved or quenched by acts of personal sin
(John 16:12–15; Acts 9:31; Romans 8:14, 16, 26; 9:1; Galatians 5:16–18, 22–23; Ephesians 3:16–20; 4:30; 1 Thessalonians 5:19).
The Holy Spirit gives spiritual gifts to every believer. These gifts are God-given abilities that Christians should employ to serve one another as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. God used some spiritual gifts (such as apostleship, miracles, tongues, healings, and prophecy) that were temporary in nature as signs to unbelieving Jews and as a validation of the New Testament message and its messengers. The sign gifts legitimately functioned until the completion of the canon of Scripture, ceasing by the end of the first century
(Romans 12:6–8; 1 Corinthians 12:7–11, 28–30; 13:8–10; 14:21–22; Ephesians 2:20; 4:11; Hebrews 2:3b–4; 1 Peter 4:10).